About us

The Utrecht Centre for Regulation and Enforcement in Europe (RENFORCE) focuses on the relationship between regulation and enforcement at the interplay of national, European and other levels of government as well as private spheres of regulatory enforcement. RENFORCE, hosted by the Europa Institute of Utrecht University, seeks to combine legal research with research from other disciplines, such as economics and political science, that helps to provide a better understanding of these phenomena. About 30 senior researchers and a number of PhD students participate in the Centre. In more concrete terms, our research is based on four pillars each highlighting  one of the main elements of our research program:

  • Core values determining regulation and enforcement
  • Actors
  • Policy cycle
  • Multi-layered legal order

RENFORCE initiates and stimulates collaborative research among its researchers (which have professional backgrounds ranging from EU law, criminal law, economic public law, social law, administrative law to civil law) and with researchers from outside our group. RENFORCE is also a platform for the exchange of ideas between academics and practitioners. To that end we regularly organize conferences, lectures and seminars, most of which are open to the public.

For the executive summary of our research program, click here.